Few nutrients are as important as proteins. Protein is the main building block of our muscles, skin, hormones and enzymes. Play an important role in all tissues of the body. Many foods contain little protein. For this reason, the lack of real proteins is a rare phenomenon in developed countries. However, some people may still be at risk.
Protein deficiency causes several health problems, while eating low amounts of protein can be a problem because it can lead to minor changes in the body over time. There are 8 most common symptoms due to low protein intake or deficiency.
What Is Protein Deficiency?
Protein deficiency occurs when diet alone can not meet the requirements of the body. Around a billion people around the world suffer from a lack of protein intake.
The problem is particularly acute in South Asia and Central Africa, where approximately 30% of children receive little protein in their food. Some people in developed countries are also at risk, including vegetarians and vegetarians who follow an unbalanced diet, as well as hospital patients and institutionalized elders.
The most severe type of protein deficiency is called kwashiorkor, which often occurs in children in developing countries where there are often unbalanced food systems and famines. Protein deficiency affects almost every aspect of the body and its functions. That is why it is associated with many symptoms.
Even when protein deficiency is not important, some symptoms may occur. The following is shown with semi-normal symptoms.
The edema defined by Puffy and Swollen Skin is a typical Quashioror symptom. Scientists believe that they are produced by the reduction of alien species, the most common protein in blood plasma.
One of the most important features of albumin is the pressure of the mineral, a force that draws fluid into the blood stream. In this way, albumin releases a large amount of fluid in the tissues or other parts of the body.
Due to low odinamine levels, severe protein deficiency leads to tissue deposition and decreased germinal pressure after inflammation. Protein deficiency can also create fluid in the abdominal cavity. The navel is a distinctive feature of the Quachiorkor.
Another known semi-quantum symptom is the accumulation of fat in liver cells. The condition may develop in the case of a liver liver disease that causes scarring in the liver, liver, liver and even liver failure.
Fatty liver is usually seen in overweight people who consume high amounts of alcohol. The effect on protein deficiency is still unclear, but studies suggest that the wrong synthesis of fat-containing proteins called lipoproteins may contribute to this situation.
Skin, Hair and Nail Problems
Sometimes protein deficiency can be effective on skin, hair and nails, mainly composed of proteins. For example, it was observed in children with quantum, skin, skin, redness and pigmented skin regions.
Common symptoms include hair loss, hair loss (hair loss), colored hair and delicious nails. However, they are most likely to occur in cases of large protein deficiency.
Loss of Muscle Mass
Muscles are the largest reservoir of the protein. When the protein is low, the body tends to obtain proteins from the muscles to maintain vital tissues and body functions. As a result, protein deficiency causes muscle breakdown.
A modest protein deficiency can cause muscle breakdown, especially in the elderly. A study of older people showed that those who consume the least amount of protein had a higher muscle loss.
Greater Risk of Bone Fractures
Just like muscles, bones are also prone to risks. Not taking enough protein can weaken the bones and increase the risk of fractures.
In a study in postmenopausal women, the high protein intake was due to the risk of a low hip fracture. In another study of postmenopausal women with existing hip fractures, taking 20 grams of protein per day for 6 months decreased bone loss by 2.3%.
Stunted Growth in Children
Protein helps protect bones and muscle mass, but also vital for the growth of the body. Thus, insufficiency is particularly harmful to children because their growing body needs a balanced supply. In fact, dwarfism is a common symptom of malnutrition in children.
In 2012, approximately 161 million children experienced growth retardation. Research and studies show that there is a strong link between low protein intake and stunted growth, one of the most important characteristics of kwashiorkor in children.
7.Increased Severity of Infections
A protein deficiency can also affect the immune system. The disturbed immune system can also increase the potential or severity of infections, a typical symptom of severe protein deficiency.
For example, a study in rodents showed that, in a diet that provided 2% protein, a diet was susceptible to a more severe influenza infection, as opposed to a diet of 18% protein.
Even a little lower protein intake can weaken the immune system. A study in older women has shown that it has significantly reduced the immune response in a protein-rich diet for 9 weeks.
Large Appetite and Calorie Intake
Smaller appetite is one of the reasons for lack of real protein, but it causes greater appetite, lighter type deficiencies. When your protein intake is inadequate, the body tries to restore the protein state by increasing the appetite and encouraging food to watch.
A lack of protein, however, does not improve the impulse to eat for everyone. Proteins can selectively increase the appetite of certain foods that tend to be high. Although this can be great in times of food shortage, the problem is that access to delicious and high-calorie food is very accessible.
Many of these suitable foods contain some proteins, but are usually noticeably lower than the total calories they contain. As a result, low protein intake can lead to weight gain and obesity, also called the hypothesis of protein control.
How Much Protein Do You Need?
Everyone needs different proteins. It depends on factors such as body weight, muscle mass, age and physical activity. Body weight is perhaps the most important hazard for protein needs. Therefore, recommendations are usually offered in grams per kilogram or weight for body weight.
The recommended daily dose (ADH) is 0.4 grams per 1 kilogram of body weight (or 0.8 grams per kilogram). Scientists estimate that it will be enough for most people.
However, scientists do not agree on the question that needs to be taken into account. The RDA of the International Sports Nutrition Community is 0.9 grams of protein for a kilogram of body weight for athletes (2 grams per kilogram). Apparently older adults seem to have higher protein needs.
Put simply, the daily protein requirement for the elderly or physically active people is higher than the standard ADH of 0.4 grams per kilogram of body weight (0.8 grams per kilogram). Protein-rich sources include fish, eggs, meat, legumes and dairy products.
The Bottom Line
Protein can be found everywhere in a healthy body. Muscles, skin, bones, Hair and blood are largely composed of proteins. Therefore, the lack of protein has many symptoms. Severe protein deficiency can cause inflammation, degeneration of the skin, fatty degeneration, increased severity of infections and growth retardation in children.
Although severe protein deficiency is rare in developed countries, low intake can cause muscle breakdown and bone fractures. There are indications that eating too few proteins can increase appetite and overeating and cause weight gain. For the best health, be sure to include high-protein foods with every meal.